1000+ People of the Millenium and Beyond
[Dewey Numbers: 920-921]
M
In compiling this page of one thousand plus people of the past millennium and before, the following sources were consulted.
The primary source is the book 1,000 Years, 1,000 People: Ranking the Men and Women Who Shaped the Millennium, published in 1998 by Kodansha International. Another source for "millennium people" is the list of 100 people published in Life magazine in 1999 and available on the Web and a list published at the Biography Channel website of the 250 most influential people of the last thousand years (the first 100 of these are ranked). In addition, the 110 people ranked in the book, The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History, has been consulted as well as the Time magazine list of the most influential people of the last century and also available online. Finally, I have indicated those persons who have an article in the Macropaedia section of the Encyclopaedia Britannica , 1998 ed. I have provided links places on the Web where you can find a decent biographical article for the top 100 people (plus a few more) published on any of these lists. For people not on any of the top 100 lists I have merely provided the name and dates of the person. See links below at the top of each column for more information about each title.

[ 1-20 | 21-40 | 41-60 | 61-80 | 81-100 ]

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Name 1000 Years The 100 Bio Channel Britannica Life Time **
Gutenberg, Johannes (1394?-1468) 1 2-8 1 1 1
Columbus, Christopher (1451-1506) 2 3-9 6 x 2
Luther, Martin (1483-1546) 3 11-25 3 x 3
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) 4 6-12 10 x 4
Shakespeare, William (1564-1616) 5 12-31 (as Edward de Vere) 5 x 11
Newton, Isaac (1642-1727) 6 1-2 2 x 6
Darwin, Charles (1809-1882) 7 7-16 4 x 9
Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) 8 hm 24 x 34
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) 9 hm 11 x 5
Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827) 10 23-45 30 x 33
Locke, John (1632-1704 ) 11 22-44 18 x 47
Gandhi, Mohandas K. (1869-1948) 12 hm 17 22 2
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) 13 28-50 19 x 36
Marx, Karl (1818-1883) 14 27 7 x 18
Cheng Ho (1371-c.1435) [Zheng He] 14
Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939) 15 42-69 12 x 16
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) 16 13-34 27 x 12
Einstein, Albert (1879-1955) 17 4-10 8 x 21 1
Arkright, Richard (1732-1792) 17
Copernicus, Nicolas (1473-1543) 18 8-19 9 x 19
Augustus Caesar (63 B.C.E.-14 C.E.) 18 x
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712-1778) 19 49-78 34 x 52
Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945) 20 18-39 16 x 13 x
Smith, Adam (1723-1790) 21 11-30 20 x 74
Washington, George (1732-1799) 22 26 21 x
Watt, James (1736-1819) 9-22
Faraday, Michael (1791-1867)  10-23
Wilbur Wright (1867-1912) 23 28 40 20
Orville Wright (1871-1948)  24 28 40 x 20
Maxwell, James Clerk (1831-1879) 24
Descartes, René (1596-1650) 25 27-49 32 32
Pasteur, Louis (1822-1895) 26 5-11 13 8
Peter I, the Great (1672-1725) 27 56-88 83 77
Edison, Thomas Alva (1847-1931) 28 14-35 14 x 1
William I, the Conqueror (c. 1027-1087) 29 41-68 45 61
Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) 30 39 x 50
Elizabeth I (1533-1603) 31 60-94 80 x 88
Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865) 32 hm 23 x 35
Dalton, John (1766-1844) 32
Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630) 33 46-75 x
Tolstoy, Leo (1828-1910) 34 x 93
Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750) 35 44-72 28 x
Voltaire (1694-1778) 36 4574 37 x
Leeuwenhoek, Antony von (1632-1723) 36
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882-1945)  37 60 x 2
Morton, William T. G. (1819-1868) 37
Churchill, Winston (1874-1965) 38 52 x x
Francis of Assisi (1181/82-1226) 39
Machiavelli, Niccolò (1469-1527)  40 50-79 46
Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich (1870-1924) 41 54-84 35 x 29 x
Cromwell, Oliver (1599-1658)  41
Bill Gates (1955-) 41
Magellan, Ferdinand (c.1480-1521) 42 hm 55 7
Genghis Khan (1167?-1227) 43 10-29 22 x
Cervantes, Miguel Saavedra de (1547-1616) 44 x
Wollstonecraft, Mary (1759-11797) 45 48 26
Chu Hsi (1130-1200)[Zhou Xi] 45
Rembrandt (1606-1666) 46 x
Heisenberg, Werner (1901-1976) 46 65
Harvey, William (1578-1657) 47 29-55 69 x
Daguerre, Louis (1787-1851)  156 25-47
Bolívar, Simón (1783-1830) 48 26-48 72 25
Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804) 49 hm 59 x 58
Mao, Zedong (1893-1976) 50 57-89 43 x 28 x
Ford, Henry (1863-1947) 51 59-91 29 x 15
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791)  52 100+ 26 x
Milton, John (1608-1674)  53 x x
Franklin, Benjamin (1706-1790) 54 hm 68 x
Fleming, Alexander, Sir (1881-1955) 55 21-43 36
King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929-1968)  56 hm 33 30
Rutherford, Ernest (1871-1937) 56
Toyotomi, Hideyoshi (1536?-1598)  57
Tesla, Nikola (1856-1943)  57 
Frederick II, King of Prussia, (1712-1786) [Frederick the Great]  58 hm x
Mendel, Gregor (1822-1884)  58
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770-1831) 59 hm
Planck, Max (1858-1947) 59
Fan K'uan (ca. 960-ca. 1030) 59 
Chu Yüan-chang, Emperor of China (1328-1398) [Hung-wu]  60
Lister, Joseph, Baron (1827-1912)  60
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1500-1558)  61
Otto, Nikolaus August (1832-1891)  61
Chaucer, Geoffrey (d. 1400)  62 x x
Pizarro, Francisco (ca. 1475-1541)  62
Louis XIV, King of France (1643-1715)  63 hm x 56
Cortés, Herná n (1485-1547)  63
Harrison, John (1693-1776)  63
Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826) 64 38-64 15 x 10
Urban II, Pope (1035-1099)  65 28-51 x
Isabella I, Queen of Spain (1451-1504) 65
Maxim, Hiram Percy (1869-1936) 65 
Polo, Marco (1254-1323)  66 hm 54 49
Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent (1743-1794) 67 9-20 80
Caesar, Julius  67 
Robespierre, Maximilien (1758-1794)  68
Calvin, Jean (1509-1564) [John Calvin]  69 31-57 x 40 
Dickens, Charles (1812-1870)  70 x
S ü leyman I, Sultan of the Turks (1491 or 5-1566)  71 100  38 
Röntgen, Wilhelm Conrad (1845-1923)  71
Cézanne, Paul (1839-1906)  72
Murasaki, Shikibu (b. 978)  73
Diana, Princess of Wales (1961-1997)  73 
Bell, Alexander Graham (1847-1922) 74 20-42 44  31 
Curie, Marie (1867-1934) 75 hm  53 75 
Eckert, John ()  76
Beatles, The 76
Fermi, Enrico () 76
Dostoevsky, Fyodor ()  77 x
Euler, Leonhard (1707-1783) 77
Innocent III, Pope () 78 64
Douglass, Frederick (1817-1895) 79 x 55
Oppenheimer, J. Robert () 80 88
Malthus, Thomas () 80
Mill, John Stuart () 81 x
Kennedy, John Fitzgerald (1917-1963) 52-81
Stalin, Joseph (1879-1953) 82 40-66 79 x
Pincus, Gregory (1903-1967) 53-82 75
Joan of Arc, Saint () 83 58 x 54
Bacon, Francis (1561-1626) 84 58-90 38 x
Brunelleschi, Filippo () 85
Gama, Vasco da () 86
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady () 86 56
Zworykin, Vladimir K. () 87 hm 67
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm () 88 hm
Jenney, William Le Baron () 89
Jenner, Edward (1749-1823) 90 42-70 51
Victoria, Queen of Great Britain () 91 x
Spielberg, Steven () 91
Babur () 92
Chi Hsi () 93
Barnum, Phineas T. () 94 x 81
Patient Zero 94
Marconi, Gugliermo () 95 17-38 84 27
Gorbechev, Mikhail () 95
Ramon y Cajal, Santiago () 95
Marsilius of Padua () 96
Erasmus, Desiderius () 97 x
Humboldt, Alexander von () 98
Sanger, Margaret () 99 50 x
Henry VIII () 100
 

The first column indicates those chosen by Agnes Hooper Gottlieb, Henry Gottlieb, Barbara Bowers, and Brent Bowers for their book 1,000 Years, 1,000 People: Ranking the Men and Women Who Shaped the Millennium. New York: Kodansha International, ©1998.The second column shows rankings by Michael H. Hart in The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History. Rev. ed. New York: Carol Publishing, ©1992. The first number indicates the ranking of the persons in the last millennium, the second number refers to the overall ranking in the list of 100 throughout history. (The note "hm" is for those with an honorable mention from this title)The third column indicates ranking on the Biography Channel's " Millennium List ." http://www.biography.com/features/millennium/ (Click on "Biography Names the Top 100.) If there is merely an "x" in the box then the person named is one of the further 150 people nominated to the list. (Click on "The Millennium List.")The "x" in the Britannica column indicates people who have articles in the Britannica Macropaedia, 1998 ed.The "Life" column refers to people who were chosen for the magazine's " Top 100 People ." http://www.life.com/Life/millennium/people/01.html.The "Time" column indicates those people chosen for the magazine's " People of the Century " (1900-2000) http://www.time.com/time/reports/millennium/index.html.