U.S. History: 1900-1919
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[ World War I ]

Child Labor in America 1908-1912 - http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor/index.html
Although the focus is somewhat narrow, the content is compelling. High quality photographs of children dwarfed by the adult work world speak volumes about their lives and the world that surrounds them. Explore the expressions on the children's faces and the evocative background settings. Don't miss the "about" page which discusses the photographer, Lewis W. Hine and the subject of child labor. (The History Place)
The Turn of the Century - http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/activity/turncent/index.html
The turn of the century was a time of amazing growth and change for America. The face of the entire world was changing and America was at the heart of the change. Invention, experimentation, industry and innovation were the hallmarks of the turn of the century. These and the personalities of the people who created them transformed America into the diverse melting pot that it has become. This site is a simulation lesson plan with links to many other Web sites. (California History-Social Studies SCORE)
Theodore Roosevelt: His Life and Times on Film - http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/trfhtml/
"Theodore Roosevelt was the first U.S. president to have his career and life chronicled on a large scale by motion picture companies (even though his predecessors, Grover Cleveland and William McKinley, were the first to be filmed). This presentation features 104 films which record events in Roosevelt's life from the Spanish-American War in 1898 to his death in 1919; .... Besides containing scenes of Roosevelt, these films include views of world figures, politicians, monarchs, and friends and family members of Roosevelt who influenced his life and the era in which he lived." (Library of Congress American Memory Project)
1912: Competing Visions for America - http://1912.history.ohio-state.edu
"The 1912 presidential election was a significant and substantive discussion about the future of the United States. The four major presidential nominees offered choices unimagined in today's political world. They fought in a more contentious, combative, and violent political culture than today's voters could tolerate. These pages are about those events, and the vision for the future of democracy that they represented." Some of the questions considered by the site include: "Should America be capitalist or socialist?; Should government protect the social welfare of citizens?; Should women vote, and participate as full citizens in the life of the nation?; Should Americans expand their democracy in other ways?; Should government exercise more control over businesses?; Should government try to solve the conflict between 'capital' and 'labor?' Should the government work vigorously for the conservation of natural resources?" (Ohio Historical Society)
Clash of Cultures in the 1910s and 1920s - http://history.osu.edu/Projects/Clash/default.htm
"This web site is part of the outreach mission of the Harvey Goldberg Program for Excellence in Teaching in the Department of History at The Ohio State University. It is a reflection of our continuing effort to bring our scholarship into our teaching and engage the public debate on historical issues. We chose this topic from among the many chapters of our customized U.S. history reader, Retrieving the American Past." Topics given specific treatment include: Prohibition, The New Women, The Scopes Trial, and Immigration Restriction and the Ku Klux Klan.
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, March 25, 1911 - http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/trianglefire/
"This web exhibit presents original documents and secondary sources on the Triangle Fire, held by the Cornell University Library.... The bulk of the primary sources were drawn from the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Archives ...." "This site includes selected information on a terrible and unnecessary tragedy involving the death of many young working women in a New York City sweatshop at the beginning of the 20th century and the resulting investigations and reforms. You will find original documents, oral histories, and photographs. You can hear and read first-hand accounts by survivors and others that will provide a glimpse into the lives of workers and a sense of the horrors of a factory fire that claimed the lives of 146 young workers. A selected bibliography of sources on sweatshops and the Triangle Fire includes sources for teachers of history. The bibliography is called "selective" because it is not comprehensive. We have attempted to provide a thorough selection of fire-related sources but an enterprising student will be able to locate many more sources on sweatshops, conditions of work, investigative practices, and protective legislation."
Jane Addams' Hull-House Museum at the University of Illinois Chicago - http://131.193.111.149/artifact/HullHouse.asp 
This site maintained by the National Historic Landmark commemorating Jane Addams' work and life, has information about visiting the Chicago museum as well as information about Jane Addams and an online exhibit: Urban Experience in Chicago: Hull-House and Its Neighborhoods, 1889 - 1963.

Immigration Resources

Port of Entry: Immigration - http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/activity/port/start.html
"Welcome! On this journey, you will assume the role of historical detective and search for clues to America's past in American Memory, the historical collections of the Library of Congress. You will investigate photographs and eyewitness accounts of immigrant life in America." (LOC American Memory Project)
Immigration- http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/features/immig/introduction.html
"This is a multi-part presentation" which uses the primary source collections of the Library of Congress. "There will be eleven sections, one section for each of the nations from which large numbers of people emigrated to the United States during the 19th and early 20th centuries, as well as a section on the Native American. At this time [Oct. 2002], we present the complete Native American and the Irish sections. Within the pages of each immigrant group section you will find: A timeline, located to the right of the browser display, which, when rolled over, reveals pertinent dates for the immigrants discussed in that section; A globe, located at the left side of the browser display, which, when clicked, leads to a map of the United States showing the port(s) of entry and migration patterns of the immigrant group discussed in that section; A watch face, located at the left side of the browser display, which, when clicked, reveals pertinent dates for all the immigrant groups discussed in this presentation."
Immigration to the USA 1860-1960 - http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAimmigration.htm
This Web page is part of the Encyclopedia of US History. It covers such topics as: Periods of European Emigration; European Emigration: Statistics; Immigration and Occupation; Immigrant Settlement; Immigration and Crime; Immigration and Illiteracy; Countries by decades; The Journey; Immigration Acts; Foreign Born in 1890 by States; Foreign Born in 1890 by Cities; Countries of Origin (including Austria-Hungary, Ireland, Belgium, Italy, Bulgaria, Norway, Denmark, Portugal, England, Russia, Finland, Scotland, France, Spain, Germany, Sweden, Greece, Switzerland, Holland, and Wales); and Events, Issues & Immigration (from the Civil War to Macarthyism). Also includes links to famous Americans of various immigrant backgrounds including: German, British, Irish, Italian, Russian, French, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Belgian, Dutch, and Austro-Hungarian immigrants.
American Family Immigration History Center - http://www.ellisisland.org/
This database provides information on 22 million immigrants and ship's crews who arrived at Ellis Island and the Port of New York between 1898 and 1924. Searchable by name, including alternate spelling, results provide date of arrival, age, marital status, ethnicity, residence, gender, ship, and port of departure. Information on each ship and ship manifests are also available. Immigrant Experience includes The Peopling of America, which covers pre-1790 to 2000 with a "timeline showing forces behind immigration and their impact on the immigrant experience." Free registration allows searches to be saved and records to be annotated. (LII annotation)
Ethnic America - http://www.gliah.uh.edu/historyonline/ethnic_am.cfm
This page is maintained by the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. It includes links to such topics as: Featured Guest Historian; Chinese Americans; Landmarks in Immigration History; A Photo Album of Immigration; Immigration; Irish Americans; Italian Americans; Italian Immigration; and Primary Sources, including African Americans, Mexican Americans, and Native Americans (Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History)
 
The Changing Character of Immigration - http://history.osu.edu/Projects/Immigration/CharacterofImmigration/CharacterImmigration.htm
This article, scanned from World's Work, Vol. 1, 1900-01, describes one author's view of how late nineteenth century immigration patterns had changed from earlier ones. Includes graphs of immigration patterns and photos of "new" immigrants. (Ohio Historical Society)
Americans in the Raw - http://history.osu.edu/Projects/Immigration/AmericansintheRaw/
Subtitled "The high-tide of immigrants—their strange possessions and their meager wealth—what becomes of them," this article by Edward Lowry, illustrated with photographs by Arthur Hewitt, appeared in the periodical World's Work in 1902. (Ohio Historical Society)
Lower Eastside Tenement Museum - http://www.tenement.org
This website features information about visiting the Museum which is located in New York City as well as online exhibits showing how the Museum restored one of its historic apartments, a virtual tour of the historic tenement; and an online quiz to test your "housing safety IQ". 


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Updated by the Webspinner: October 15, 2004.

Tom Kaun, Library Media Teacher  -- Bessie Chin Library @ Redwood High School, 395 Doherty Drive, Larkspur, CA 94939 -- 415.945.3662