In the Time of the Butterflies:
Life (and Death) in Trujillo's
FOR COMPLETE INSTRUCTIONS ON THIS ASSIGNMENT SEE
TEACHER'S ASSIGNMENT SHEET
Questions to research:
1. Who is Rafael Trujillo Molina and how did
he rise to power in the Dominican Republic? Web
2. What has been the U.S. involvement in the
Dominican Republic in the 20th century? Web
3. How did Trujillo maintain his political control
in the Dominican Republic? Web
4. What were some of the organized opposition
groups who worked against Trujillo? Why were many of the attempts to overthrow
Trujillo unsuccessful? How was he eventually defeated? Web
5. Why have the three Mirabal (Mirabel) sisters
become a legend in the Dominican Republic? How are they honored by the
International Day to Eliminate Violence Against Women on November 25? Web
6. Describe the political, social, and economic
environment in the Dominican Republic since the fall of Trujillo? Web
For general research in the library's catalog
(either ours or the public library) some helpful subjects are:
Molina, Rafael Leonidas, 1896-1961
Britannica Book of the Year, 1961
Collier's Encyclopedia, 1995 ed., vol. 8
Current Biography, 1941
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1998 ed. vol. 29
International Encyclopedia of World Biography,
Latin American Lives
U.S. Dept. of State Background Notes: Dominican
World Book Encyclopedia, 2000 ed., vol. 5
Pamphlet Files: "Dominican Republic" and "Womens'
rights." Many of the documents metioned in this web page are available
as print outs in the pamphlet file.
Foley, Erin. Dominican Republic.
New York: Marshall Cavendish, 1997.
overview of the country including sections on history and government. (972.93
Henderson, James. The Caribbean.
2nd ed. Old Saybrook, Conn.: Golbe Pequot, 1992.
Travel guide to the Caribbean with good background on the history of the
DR. (917.2904 HEN 1992)
Rogozinski, Jan. A Brief History of
the Caribbean: From the Arawak and the Carib to the Present. New York:
Facts on File, 1992
of the entire Caribbean region with a section on the history of the DR.
Zellers, Margaret. Caribbean 1994:
The Most In-depth and Savvy Guide to the Islands of the Caribbean.
Redondo Beach, Calif.: Fielding Worldwide, 1994.
travel guide to the Caribbean with info on the DR. (917.2904
Danticat, Edwidge. The farming of bones.
New York: Soho Press, 1998.
fictionalized account of the "ethnic cleansing" by the savage Dominican
dictator, Trujillo, in 1937. (FIC
Vargas Llosa, Mario. The Feast of the
Goat. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2001
Urania Cabral, haunted all her life by terror and emptiness, returns to
her homeland, the Dominican Republic, and finds herself reliving the bloody
revolution of 1961, when brutal dictator Rafael "The Goat" Trujillo--under
whom Urania's father served as secretary of state--was overthrown. (FIC
Vargas Llosa,M FEA)
about Rafael Trujillo
Dominican Dictator: Rafael Trujillo - http://www.jlhs.nhusd.k12.ca.us/classes/social_science/latin_america/dominican_Republic.html
This page written by a student at James Logan High
School is part of a larger project produced for English and History classes
on Latin America.
Trujillo - http://wwwdumas.sesc.k12.ar.us/~hispanic/tujillo.htm
Another short, student-produced biography.
Molina, Rafael Leonidas - http://www.encyclopedia.com/articles/13080.html
From the Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed.
Molina, Rafael - http://search.ebi.eb.com/ebi/article/0,6101,37845,00.html
From Encyclopedia Britannica Intermediate.
Molina, Rafael Leonidas - http://www.slider.com/53000/Trujillo_Molina_Rafael_Leonidas.htm
Short biography from the Columbia Encyclopedia, 5th
about the Dominican Republic
This is an online database which the library subscribes to. Click on the
Log In tab and enter the user name and password you'll find at the top
of the monitor. Choose Dominican Republic from the drop down list where
it says "Choose a Country." At the Dominican Republic site choose "Political
History" from the list on the left of the screen.
Republic: A Country Study - http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/dotoc.html
This is a book-length study of the Dominican Republic produced by the Library
of Congress. For this project check particularly Chapter 1. Historical
Setting, the sections on The Era of Trujillo and The Post-Trujillo Era.
Check also Chapter 4. Politics and Government, the section on Foreign Relations
and Chapter 5. National Security, the section on History and Development
of the Armed Forces.
Republic: Background Note - http://www.state.gov/r/pa/bgn/4153.htm
This page, produced by the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs at the
U.S. Dept. of State has information on the country. Click on U.S.
Relations to go directly to the section about current Dominican relations
with the U.S.
Overview & Historical Summary - http://www.bravo2000.com/educationalservices/overview.html
This 13 pages overview is from a company that specializes in student/teacher
tours of the Dominican Republic. (Student & Researcher Services)
of the Dominican Republic - http://www.hispaniola.com/DR/Guides/History.html
Extensive history of the DR with a major section on the Trujillo Era.
about The Mirabal Sisters and "White Ribbon Day"
Were the Sisters or Butterflies? - http://www.conectados.net/mirabal/butterflies.html
This website is maintained by the Mirabal Sisters Foundation. It is somewhat
incomplete in that several of its links are to pages "under construction."
However, two of the links, "Biographies" and "Assassination" do lead to
pages with information about the sisters.
Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women - http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/news/vawd.html
This is an "information note" from the United Nations
Division for the Advancement of Women about the establishment of November
25 as an international day of commemoration. Gives a history of the day
and a short biographical sketch of the Mirabal (Mirabel) sisters as well
as an explanation of the Sixteen Days of Activism Against Gender Violence
World Free from Violence Aganst Women - http://unifem.undp.org/speaks/vawstat.html
A statement by Noeleen Heyzer, Executive Director,
United Nations Development Fund for Women on the first international day
to eliminate violence against women.
Ribbon Day International Day Against Violence Toward Women -
History of the Day which has become known as "White
Ribbon Day Background -http://www.womankind.org.uk/WRD%2001/What%20is%20WRD.htm
Another explanation of the origin of White Ribbon
Day and how it started in the United Kingdom.
25 International Day Against Violence Against Women - http://www.reddesalud.web.cl/estrategynovhist.html
The webpage from the Latin American and Caribbean
Women's Health Network gives a short history of the Day.
The Book and Its Author
Politics of Fiction - http://www.fronteramag.com/issue5/Alvarez/
An interview with the author, Julia Alvarez, about her life and writing.
Alvarz's In the Time of the Butterflies - http://gbs.glenbrook.k12.il.us/Academics/gbseng2/ButterfliesAlvarez/
This website was developed by students at Glenbrook Academy for International
Studies in Illinois. Some of the topics covered are: Julia Alvarez; Questions;
Some history; Critics/reviews; Connections; and More info.
Alvarez - http://www.emory.edu/ENGLISH/Bahri/Alvarz.html
A website about the author with a (very) short bio, major themes of her
work, awards and honors, bibliographies, and related sites.
Alvarez: In the Time of the Butterflies - http://www.addison.lib.il.us/6alvarez.asp
This is a discussion guide for the book produced by the Addison (Ill.)
From the Hispanic Employment Program website comes this short essay which
discusses the author and her connection to the novel.
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