U.S. History To 1789
Bessie Chin Library Site Index
| exploration
| colonial period
| Revolutionary War
| Constitutional period
| founding documents (Declaration of Independence and Constitution)


Exploration and Pre-Colonial Period

The Columbus Landfall Home Page -- http://www1.minn.net/~keithp/cclandfl.htm
Illustrates the possible places that Columbus visited on his first journey to the Americas. Includes articles which examine the various theories as to where he actually landed.
Columbus and the Age of Discovery -- http://muweb.millersville.edu/~columbus/
Over 1,100 full-text articles and reports related to Columbus and the explorations from Europe to the "New World". A bit difficult to use due to its arrangement. Try starting with the Hypertext Index of Articles, then go into "For public use. (Reprint Permission Granted.)" Then explore the entries, arranged alphabetically. Has many articles in the Spanish language.
1492: An Ongiong Voyage -- http://sunsite.unc.edu/expo/1492.exhibit/Intro.html
This online exhibit from the Library of Congress "addresses ... questions [about the voyages of Christopher Columbus] by examining the rich mixture of societies coexisting in five areas of this hemisphere before European arrival. It then surveys the polyglot Mediterranean world at a dynamic turning point in its development."

Colonial Period

Religion and the Founding of the American Republic -- http://lcweb.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/religion.html
Over 200 early American books, manuscripts, letters, prints, paintings, artifacts, and music from the Library of Congress collections and loans from other institutions.
William Penn - http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/PENN/pnhome.html
An examination of the person who founded as a "Holy Experiment", the state of Pennsylvania, and concluded the "Great treaty" with the Delaware (American Indians).
Early American Literature to 1700 -- http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/PENN/pnhome.html
Resources for a literature course include several important documents of the Great Awakening. (PAL: Perspectives in American Literature)
Jonathan Edwards, The First Great Awakening -- http://www.forerunner.com/forerunner/X0527_Bios-_Jonathan_Edwar.html
"Jonathan Edwards, sometimes known as the postmillennialist's postmillennialist, is best known for his role in the Great Awakening, which began as a revival in several churches along the Connecticut River Valley." This page is on a Christian website called The Forerunner.
Plimouth Plantation -- http://www.plimoth.org/
Official website of the reconstucted village which was the site of the original Pilgrim settlement.
Puritanism in New England -- http://www.victorianweb.org/religion/puritan2.html
Brief overview of Puritanism as it existed in the American Colonies.
Plymouth: It's History and People -- http://pilgrims.net/plymouth/history/
Information related to the original settlers of Plymouth, Mass.
Virtual Tour of Plimoth Plantation -- http://pilgrims.net/plimothplantation/vtour/
See what life was like in a Pilgrim village.
What is a Puritan? -- http://www.reformedreader.org/character_of_an_old_english_puri.htm
This short essay, originally published in 1646, discusses the characteristics of "an old English Puritan."
Colonial America - http://www.n-polk.k12.ia.us/pages/departments/media/colonial.html
From a high school media center in Iowa. This page provides links to many Web sites about the colonial period of U.S. history. (North Polk 7-12 Media Center)

Revolutionary War

Yahoo! Revolutionary War -- http://tinyurl.com/loocf
Yahoo's links to U.S. Revolutionary War sites including: battles, Continental Congress, Independence Day, organizations, people, state histories, and armed forces units.
Michael Meals Presents: www.revwar.com -- http://www.revwar.com/
This commercial site "provides information and links to sites about the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) era as well as services."
American Revolution -- http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/index.html
This site includes links to a chronological history of the eras leading up to, including and following the War for Independence. One page has the entire text of the Declaration of Independence as well as an audio version of the document.
American Revolution -- http://www.n-polk.k12.ia.us/pages/departments/media/amerev.html
From a high school media center in Iowa. This page provides links to many Web sites about the revolutionary period of U.S. history. (North Polk 7-12 Media Center)

The Rise of Democratic Ideas

English Bill of Rights -- http://www.constitution.org/eng/eng_bor.htm
Complete text of the 1689 English law: An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown.
Eighteenth-Century Studies - http://eserver.org/18th/
A major collection of links to the most famous people and documents of the Enlightenment.
Eighteenth-Century Resources -- History - http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~jlynch/18th/history.html
Another major collection of links to the most famous people of the Enlightenment.
Liberty Library of Constitutional Classics - http://www.constitution.org/liberlib.htm
"The following is a list, many with links to the actual full text, of classic books and other works on constitutional government."
Readings: The Enlightenment -- http://www.constitution.org/liberlib.htm
Links to some of the major books and documents by the greats of the Enlightenment.
The Social Contract -- http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_2/rousseau.html
This essay by French author, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is one of the major writings of the Enlightenment, which affected the American system of government.
A Treatise on Toleration -- http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_2/voltaire.html
Voltaire's essay is another of the major writings of the Enlightenment.
The Magna Carta -- http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/
The National Archives and Records Administration offers this excellent explanation of the Magna Carta as it relates to U.S. laws and democratic ideas. Also as a link to the text of the Magna Carta.
Historical Documents of Great Britain -- http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/eurodocs/uk.html
Collection of primary source historical documents from the British Isles, from the earliest times through the present: Magna Carta, parliamentary addresses, political statements by thinkers and leaders, philosophical writings, and more.
The "Glorious Revolution" -- http://www.victorianweb.org/history/Glorious_Revolution.html
Helpful, brief overview of the "Glorious Revolution", with links to related information and people who were part of it.
St. Thomas More - http://www.knight.org/advent/cathen/14689c.htm
Biographical and philosophical information on St. Thomas More, of England who wrote Utopia. (Catholic Encyclopedia on the Web)

Declaration of Independence and The Constitution

The American Revolution and the New Nation, 1763-1815 -- http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/NewNation.html
Links to documents of early U.S. history including George Washington's Commission as Commander in Chief, Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Constitution of the United States, Federalist Papers, Residence Act, Bill of Rights, Jay's Treaty, Alien and Sedition Acts, Jefferson's Secret Message Regarding the Lewis & Clark Expedition, Louisiana Purchase, and the Treaty of Ghent.
Declaring Independence: Drafting the Documents -- http://lcweb.loc.gov/exhibits/declara/declara1.html
The time-line and background on the American Declaration of Independence from Great Britain are presented here, with images and explanation of the key people and their contributions to this historic document.
The Charters of Freedom -- http://www.archives.gov/national-archives-experience/charters/charters.html
Exhibition (including background information) on the documents that are the foundation of U.S. laws and rights: The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution, and The Bill of Rights. (Amendments 1-10)
Constitution of the United States -- http://www.archives.gov/national-archives-experience/charters/constitution.html
A useful collection of information about the U.S. Constitution, its writers and the processes used to create it.
United States Constitution -- http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Constitution.html
Article from the Library of Congress: "The Constitution defines the fundamental law of the United States federal government, setting forth the three principal branches of the federal government, outlining their jurisdictions, and propounding the basic rights of U.S. citizens."
Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention -- http://lcweb2.loc.gov:8081/ammem/bdsds/bdsdhome.html
The Continental Congress Broadside Collection (253 titles) and the Constitutional Convention Broadside Collection (21 titles) contain 274 documents relating to the work of Congress and the drafting and ratification of the Constitution, plus similar primary sources.
The Federal Constitution -- http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper/DETOC/1_ch08.htm
A chapter from the great commentary, Democracy In America, by Alexis de Tocqueville, the French writer who visited the U.S. in the 1830s.
Constitution Society -- http://www.constitution.org
This is the website of an organization which "aims to eventually provide almost everything one needs to accurately decide what is and is not constitutional in most situations, and what applicable constitutions require one to do. It is for constitutional decision support."