African Americans
Bessie Chin Library

biography | civil rights movement
history | Harlem Renaissance
social conditions & culture | Africa



African American Archaeology, History and Cultures -- http://www.anthro.uiuc.edu/faculty/cfennell/bookmark3.html
"This web site is designed to provide convenient access to online presentations and resources concerning the subjects of African American archaeology, history and cultures, and broader subjects of African diaspora archaeology." Includes links to bibliographies, research institutes, and heritage sites. From a University of Illinois anthropology professor. (LII)
African American History Timeline -- http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/aa_history_public/aatimeline_index.htm
This site provides a chronology of historical events from before 1600 through 1969, a chronology about blacks in the western United States, and a list of sources. Also includes a bibliography, a research guide, and links to descriptions of individuals, places, and events that have contributed to the shaping of black history. From a history professor at the University of Washington. (LII)
The African American Journey -- http://www2.worldbook.com/features/aajourney_new/intro.shtml
"The articles in this feature were taken from the World Book. There are also numerous links to World Wide Web sites concerning important figures and events in black history, as well as issues surrounding current events." Covers the slave trade, the Civil War, Reconstruction, the civil rights movement, and a short history of Black History Month. (LII)
African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A.P. Murray Collection 1818-1907 -- http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aap/aaphome.html
A collection of over 350 pamphlets presenting "a panoramic and eclectic review of black history and culture, spanning almost one hundred years." Searchable, and browsable by subject and author (including Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Ida B. Wells-Barnett). Also contains a timeline of black history (1852-1925), bibliography, and a virtual 1898 meeting of the National Afro-American Council. From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress. (LII)
African American World -- http://www.pbs.org/wnet/aaworld/
This site covers history, arts and culture, race and society, biographical profiles, and more. Features include a timeline of African American history from the 1400s on, links to public television readings and programs, a page for children, African American history teaching modules, and pro and con opinions on social issues. (LII)
The African-American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History & Culture -- http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/intro.html
A companion to a library exhibit, with materials on African American colonization, abolition, migration, and participation in the Work Projects Administration (WPA). From the American Memory Project at the Library of Congress. (LII)
Black Facts Online -- http://www.blackfacts.com/
An "online searchable database of Black History facts." Users can search the database by date (month and day) or keyword for facts. (LII)
Black History Hotlist: A Collection of Internet Sites -- http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/BHM/bh_hotlist.html
This is a collection of links to Internet resources for exploring African American history and issues. Topics include Black History Month (February), slavery, abolition, the Underground Railroad, Buffalo soldiers, civil rights movement, Million Man March, poetry, news, people, and much more. Part of the Education First initiative of SBC Pacific Bell. (LII)
Black History Month -- http://www.infoplease.com/spot/bhm1.html
To observe Black History Month, this Information Please site features articles on black history and biographies of notable African Americans in politics, history, entertainment, arts, and sports. It also offers information and links about colleges, holidays, the Spingarn Medal, Tuskegee syphilis experiment, preferred racial or ethnic terminology, statistics on population and earnings, a Civil Rights timeline, and literature. (LII)
Black History Month Resources -- http://www.tntech.edu/history/bhmonth.html
A directory of links to sites celebrating Black History Month, including biographies, articles, almanacs, associations, historical events, encyclopedias, periodicals, military and government sources, archives, research centers, and more. From the history department at Tennessee Technological University. (LII)
Encyclopaedia Britannica's Guide to Black History -- http://search.eb.com/Blackhistory/
"This site presents a vast array of articles, hundreds of images, and a wide assortment of audio clips, film clips, and multimedia presentations. The timeline traces two millennia of black history, and the browse features enable you to pinpoint the central people, places, topics, and events covered in black history." (LII)
Gateway to African American History -- http://tinyurl.com/dphkw
Many documents, articles, and links about Black History Month, Martin Luther King Jr., Black History stamps, civil rights, art and literature, and other topics. From the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of International Information Programs. (LII)
In Motion: The African American Migration Experience -- http://www.inmotionaame.org/
This site contains tens of thousands of essays, books, articles, manuscripts, illustrations, lesson plans, and maps related to African-American migration during the past four hundred years. From the New York Public Library's Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. (LII)
Our Shared History: African American Heritage -- http://www.cr.nps.gov/aahistory/
This site showcases United States National Park Service (NPS) resources related to black history and culture. It includes a section on the Underground Railroad and travel guides for exploring relevant national parks, exhibits, and collections. Through numerous links, this Web site also serves as a portal to NPS online resources on this subject.
African American Women's History -- http://womenshistory.about.com/od/africanamerican/index_r.htm
A directory of sites about "the history of black women in America, from slavery through Reconstruction, Harlem Renaissance and civil rights." It includes biographies of notable and little-known African American women, organization and club memberships, participation in events and movements, educational and political activities, and more. Includes a list of "white women who worked for racial justice and the rights of African Americans." An About.com site. (LII)
The Bancroft Library: African Americans in California -- http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/africanamerican/
This site features a searchable catalog of the Bancroft Library's holdings of materials by and about African Americans, with an emphasis on materials relating to California and the West (such as the items from the NAACP West Coast Region, the Records of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, and the Black Scholar Journal). Also includes a timeline and links to related sites. From the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley. (LII)
Teens: The Forgotten Face of Black History -- http://www.teenwire.com/infocus/2005/if-20050201p092-rights.php
Brief information about teenagers involved in the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s. Includes information about Claudette Colvin (a 15-year-old who was arrested, months before Rosa Parks, for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger), Barbara Johns (who was involved with school desegregation), and the Greensboro, North Carolina, freshmen who instigated the sit-ins at a Woolworth's lunch counter. From Teenwire, a website from Planned Parenthood. (LII)
From Swastika to Jim Crow -- http://www.pbs.org/itvs/fromswastikatojimcrow/
Explores "the little-known story of German refugee scholars who were expelled from their homeland by the Nazis and found new lives at the historically Black colleges in the American South." Includes information on black-Jewish relations and racism in Europe and the United States, a history and profiles of black colleges, lists of famous refugees and students, video clips, a discussion guide, and links. Online companion to the PBS television series of same title. (LII)

Say It Plain: A Century Of Great African American Speeches -- http://americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/sayitplain/
A collection of the audio and transcripts of speeches by famous African Americans. Features speeches by Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey, Mary McLeod Bethune, Dick Gregory, Fannie Lou Hamer, Stokely Carmichael, Martin Luther King Jr., Shirley Chisholm, Barbara Jordan, Jesse Jackson, Clarence Thomas, and Barack Obama. Also includes audio and transcripts of the accompanying radio documentary and links to related sites. From American RadioWorks. (LII)
Black Oral History Collection -- http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/holland/masc/xblackoralhistory.html

Features interviews with "African American pioneers and their descendants throughout Washington [state], Oregon, Idaho, and Montana, from 1972-1974." Topics discussed "include early black settlers, job opportunities, social life and community, living patterns, black churches, and black political involvement from the late 1800s through 1974." Includes sound files and descriptive records. Browsable and searchable. From Washington State University Libraries. (LII)

Documenting Our Past: The Teenie Harris Archive Project -- http://www.cmoa.org/teenie/info.asp
Teenie Harris' "40-year career with the Pittsburgh Courier, one of the largest and most influential Black newspapers in the country, began as the nation emerged from the Depression and ended with the Civil Rights Movement. Numbering upwards of 80,000 images [of which 1,400 are shown here], this archive represents the largest single collection of photographic images of any Black community in the United States -- or the world, for that matter." From the Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh. (LII)

Social Conditions & Culture

Guide to the Web -- http://www.lib.unc.edu/stone/webguide/
Compilation of annotated links to hundreds of websites about "African, African American, and African Diaspora history and culture. ... The topics covered range from the underground railroad to hip hop music." Other subjects include civil rights, education, health, literature, military, religion, slavery, sports, and women. From the Sonja Haynes Stone Center at the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill. (LII)

A Roadmap to African-American and Diversity Resources -- http://cisit.sfcc.edu/~sdupree/RESORLIK2.HTM
Many links related to the black experience, organized by region and topic. Includes "primary and secondary documents, databases, archives, libraries, maps, images and more." From Sherry DuPree, a librarian at Santa Fe Community College, Florida.
The Schomburg Legacy: Documenting the Global Black Experience for the 21st Century -- http://www.nypl.org/research/sc/WEBEXHIB/legacy/legacy2.htm
This exhibition from the New York Public Library's Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture "presents a comprehensive survey of the development of the Center's collections since the death of Arturo Alfonso Schomburg (1938) and explores the Center's role as the premier public research library in the world devoted to documenting and preserving the histories and cultures of people of African descent worldwide." (LII)
Minority Links: Facts on the Black or African American Population -- http://www.census.gov/pubinfo/www/NEWafamML1.html
Statistics, demographics, social and economic characteristics, redistricting data, profile reports, briefs, and much more. From the U.S. Census Bureau. (LII)
Black Studies -- http://origin.admin.ccny.cuny.edu/library/blacks.html
A browsable webliography featuring dozens of annotated links to high-quality Web sites related to African American studies. Prepared by Grace-Ellen McCrann of the Cohen Library at the City College of New York (CCNY). (LII)
Compilation of annotated links to hundreds of websites about "African, African American, and African Diaspora history and culture. ... The topics covered range from the underground railroad to hip hop music." Other subjects include civil rights, education, health, literature, military, religion, slavery, sports, and women. From the Sonja Haynes Stone Center at the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill. (LII)
DuSable Museum of African American History -- http://www.dusablemuseum.org/
This Chicago museum was "dedicated to the collection, preservation, interpretation and dissemination of the history and culture of Americans of African descent." In addition to information about the museum, its exhibits, and events, the site lists a few Web sites with more information on African American history and culture. (LII)
"The Triple Nickles": The 555th Parachute Infantry Battalion, 1944-1947 -- http://www.triplenickle.com/
History, photographs, names, functions, and other information on this battalion of Black paratroopers. Trained for combat in World War II, these soldiers served in the Pacific Northwest as smokejumpers in Operation Fire Fly, responsible for locating and disposing of Japanese balloon bombs, and also for fire fighting. The battalion was subsequently integrated into the 82nd Airborne Division. From the 555th Parachute Infantry Association, Inc. (LII)
Uncle Remus: Social Context and Ramifications -- http://xroads.virginia.edu/~UG97/remus/remus.html
Selections from the Uncle Remus tales of Joel Chandler Harris, with analysis, historical context, selected reviews, and biographical information on the author. Also includes illustrations from various volumes and bibliographies of related works on Harris and Uncle Remus. A student project from a class at the University of Virginia. (LII)
The Black Commentator -- http://www.blackcommentator.com/
This online journal focuses on "African Americans and their allies in the struggle for social and economic justice." It features analysis, commentary, and cartoons on politics and politicians (such as Barack Obama), economics, and social issues. Also includes audio. Published every Thursday. Back issues are searchable and browsable. Published by two network broadcast journalists from Washington, D.C. (LII)
The Black Collegian Online -- http://www.black-collegian.com/
The electronic version of the national career opportunities magazine. In addition to the abundance of career planning/job search information, there is commentary by leading black writers, lifestyle/entertainment features, general information on college life, and news of what's happening on college campuses today. Searchable. (LII)
blackenterprise.com -- http://www.blackenterprise.com/
News and information on business, personal finance, and politics, with collections of articles on many industries and news about, or of particular interest to, African Americans and black enterprises. Articles from the print edition are archived to 1997. Searchable (requires free registration). (LII)
Black Film Center/Archive -- http://www.indiana.edu/~bfca/
The Black Film Center/Archive is a repository of films and related materials by and about African Americans, including films which have substantial participation by blacks as writers, actors, producers, directors, musicians, and consultants, as well as those which depict some aspect of black experience. Primarily a resource list of historic and contemporary Hollywood and independent films, the site is enhanced by a selection of historical film clips and a good collection of links. From Indiana University. (LII)
blackfilm.com -- http://www.blackfilm.com/
Click on the logo on the main page to bypass registration (not required) and search this database of film reviews from African American perspectives. Also features full-length articles, news about video and DVD releases, as well as information about conferences, screenings, and other events. (LII)
BlackPressUSA.com -- http://www.blackpressusa.com/
"The only national web site featuring news exclusively from African-American journalists and Black community publications," mostly from the National Newspaper Publishers Association (NNPA) News Service -- "the last national Black Press news wire." Includes daily national news, local news, news links, and press releases; a searchable history section with articles and cartoons from black newspapers and journalists of the past, a black history time line, and black history links; and an op-ed page with letters, essays, and current cartoons. (LII)

Free to Dance -- http://www.pbs.org/wnet/freetodance/
Explores "the crucial role that African-American choreographers and dancers have played in the development of modern dance as an American art form." Includes a timeline (1619-2001), historical and thematic essays, biographies of African-American dancers, recommended resources, and lesson plans. Online companion to PBS film of the same title, this site also contains transcripts of interviews with those featured in the program. (LII)
Heart and Soul: A Celebration of African American Music -- http://www2.worldbook.com/features/aamusic/html/intro.htm
"World Book editors have assembled a look at some of the most famous African American musicians and the impact they have made on different forms of music." Includes brief histories and descriptions of spirituals, jazz (from early to modern), blues, rock (including soul and rap), and classical music. Biographies of influential artists and audio samples are provided for each music style. (LII)
Soul Food Cookbook -- http://www.soulfoodcookbook.com/
Recipes celebrating the "culinary delights born from the Black/African American, Jamaican and Caribbean cultures." (LII)
This Far by Faith: African-American Spiritual Journeys -- http://www.pbs.org/thisfarbyfaith/
Companion site to a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) series that "examines the African-American religious experience through the last three centuries. ... [It] explores the connections between faith and the development of African-American cultural values." Features essays, a timeline, profiles, audio and video clips, show transcripts, and related links. (LII)

Images of African Americans from the 19th Century -- http://digital.nypl.org/schomburg/images_aa19/
This pictorial database features images selected from family photographs, early African American educational institutions and from the personal collections of various individuals. It is designed to highlight the "social, political, and cultural" life of the black Americans in the nineteenth century. The index is fully cataloged and searchable by subject. From the Schomberg Center for Research in Black Culture of the New York Public Library. (LII)
Through the Lens of Time: Images of African Americans From the Cook Collection -- http://www.library.vcu.edu/jbc/speccoll/cook/
A searchable and browsable collection of almost 300 19th and early 20th century photographs of African Americans. It includes biographical information about photographers George S. and Huestis P. Cook, and links to related collections. From the Virginia Commonwealth University Libraries and the Valentine Museum/Richmond History Center. (LII)

The Black Panther Party's Struggle for Social Change -- http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/calheritage/panthers/
Extensive resources on the social agenda and activism programs of the Black Panther Party. Background information includes Party chronology, maps, photographs, discussion of the role of women, film list, links to literary material, and more. From the California Heritage Project of the University of California, Berkeley Library, and the Urban Dreams Project of the Oakland Unified School District, Oakland, California. (LII)
BlackVoices -- http://blackvoices.aol.com/
This site has a wide range of information on African American history and culture. Includes news, articles, and opinion pieces on sports, careers, education, entertainment, and more. From America Online (AOL). (LII)


The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences -- http://webfiles.uci.edu/mcbrown/display/faces.html
Biographical information on "African American men and women who have contributed to the advancement of science and engineering." Each biography provides a detailed bibliography. Includes women scientists as well as individuals who were the first African-Americans to receive Ph.D.s in their fields. From Mitchell C. Brown, a research librarian for chemistry at the University of California Irvine. (LII)
The History of Jim Crow -- http://www.jimcrowhistory.org/
"An educator's site that presents teachers with new historical resources and teaching ideas on one of the most shameful periods in American history." The material includes essays, personal narratives, lesson plans, photographs and historical images, and maps and geographical perspectives on segregation in the United States from the 1870s through the 1950s. "Content was generated by a national collaboration of classroom teachers, working with professional historians." (LII)
Biography.com Celebrates Black History Month -- http://www.biography.com/blackhistory/
Several dozen report-length biographies of athletes, educators, entertainers, public officials, religious leaders, scientists, social reformers, and writers and artists. Many include photographs and chronologies of completed works. (LII)
African American Women Writers of the 19th Century -- http://digital.nypl.org/schomburg/writers_aa19/
This collection of about 50 works provides "access to the thought, perspectives and creative abilities of black women as captured in books and pamphlets published prior to 1920." The collection is searchable by author, title and genre. The latter includes fiction, poetry, biography, autobiography, and essays. A project from the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture and Digital Schomburg of the New York Public Library. (LII)
Muhammad Ali: The Making of a Champ -- http://www.courier-journal.com/apps/pbcs.dll/section?Category=ALI
A history of the boxing great and cultural icon Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay) is presented here in a unique, chronologically arranged archive of articles, photographs, and features. From the Courier-Journal newspaper in Louisville, Kentucky, the city where Ali spent his youth and began his career. (LII)
Marian Anderson: A Life in Song -- http://www.library.upenn.edu/exhibits/rbm/anderson/
A biographical site celebrating "the artistic development and musical career of Marian Anderson." Includes images of early recital programs; information about her teachers, coaches, and accompanists as well as her tours; a brief history of spirituals in recital. There is a searchable collection of more than 4000 photos, plus audio clips of lieder singing and spirituals and video clips from both music and interviews. Developed from materials in archives at the University of Pennsylvania Library. (LII)
Maya Angelou, b. 1928 -- http://voices.cla.umn.edu/vg/Bios/entries/angelou_maya.html
A profile and critique of Maya Angelou (born Marguerite Johnson), briefly reviewing her autobiographical novels. The related links provide additional background on her life and works. From the project Voices From the Gaps, Women Writers of Color, at the University of Minnesota. (LII)
Mary McLeod Bethune, Educator -- http://www.floridamemory.com/OnlineClassroom/MaryBethune/
Includes photos, interviews, and "a brief life history of Mary McLeod Bethune including her founding of the Daytona Normal and Industrial School for Negro Girls" (now Florida's Bethune-Cookman College). Also features resources for teachers. From the Florida Memory Project. (LII)
Du Bois: The Activist Life -- http://www.library.umass.edu/spcoll/exhibits/dubois/intro.htm
This site features a biographical essay and chronology of the scholar, author, sociologist, co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and editor of The Crisis and other journals. Also contains a description of the W.E.B. Du Bois Papers collection and an exhibit of materials from the collection. From the University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries. (LII)
Paul Laurence Dunbar Digital Collection -- http://www.libraries.wright.edu/special/dunbar/
"This digital collection of a selected group of [Paul Laurence] Dunbar's poetry is intended to encourage the use of and interest in the works" of "the first African-American poet and novelist to attain international recognition." Features book covers, libretti covers and text, and individual poems (browsable and searchable), a biography, related links, and a bibliography. From Wright State University Libraries. (LII)
The Zora Neale Hurston Plays at the Library of Congress -- http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/znhhtml/
This site presents "a selection of ten plays written by [Zora Neale] Hurston (1891-1960), author, anthropologist, and folklorist. Deposited in the United States Copyright Office between 1925 and 1944. ... The plays reflect Hurston's life experience, travels, and research, especially her study of folklore in the African-American South." Includes a chronology, a bibliography, and searchable and browsable images of pages from the plays. From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress. (LII)
Jess Mowry's Website -- http://timoun.tripod.com/
Official site of "the author of Way Past Cool as well as other novels for and about Black children and teens, and Black life, such as Six Out Seven, Babylon Boyz, Ghost Train, Rats In The Trees and Children Of The Night." Includes selections from his short stories, novels, and essays, plus advice about writing, biographical information, links, and straight talk from the author. (LII)
Rosa Parks: How I Fought for Civil Rights -- http://teacher.scholastic.com/rosa/
'The Mother of the Modern-day Civil Rights Movement,' describes her pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott [of 1955-56] and helps students understand the importance of every individual citizen in a democracy." Includes the transcript of an interview with Parks, a brief biography of Parks, and an essay about being arrested, the boycott, and the leadership of Martin Luther King Jr. From Scholastic Inc. (LII)
Rosa Parks Library and Museum -- http://montgomery.troy.edu/museum/
The website for this library and museum contains information about Rosa Parks (1913-2005), the black woman whose refusal to give her seat on a public bus to a white man inspired the 1955 civil rights movement event known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Includes biographical information, photos, and links to more information about Parks and Montgomery, Alabama, history. From Troy University, Montgomery, Alabama. (LII)
Baseball and Jackie Robinson: Jackie Robinson & Other Baseball Highlights, 1860s-1960s -- http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/robinson/
"This presentation was created to commemorate" the achievements of Jackie Robinson "and describe some aspects of the color line's development and the Negro Leagues." Includes photographs and illustrations, a timeline, an essay, and resources for teachers. Searchable, and browsable by subject. From the American Memory Project of the Library of Congress. (LII)
The Booker T. Washington Papers -- http://www.historycooperative.org/btw/
This site is "designed to provide researchers worldwide with full access to the thousands of pages comprising this 14-volume printed work, originally published by the University of Illinois Press." The collection includes autobiographical writings, letters, newspaper articles, tombstone inscriptions, documents from the Tuskegee Normal School (of which Washington was a trustee), and a large number of other documents. The site is searchable, and volumes can be browsed with the aid of the tables of contents. (LII)