Ancient History
[Dewey numbers: 930s]
m mm
 General  Middle East  Egypt & Africa
 Greece  Rome  The Americas
  China    India   Europe 

General Resources

Yahoo! Ancient History -
Yahoo's links to topics in ancient history up to about 500 A.D. Includes categories of: Ancient Art; Carthage; Classics; Coins and Currency; College and University Departments; Egypt; Etruscans; Greek; Law; Mesopotamia; Nubia; People; Persian Empire; Persian Wars; Roman; Timelines; Web Directories; and Women in Antiquity.
ArchNet -
"ArchNet serves as the World Wide Web Virtual Library for Archaeology. This server provides access to archaeological resources available on the Internet. Information is categorized by geographic region and subject."
Perseus Project -
"Perseus is a continually growing digital library of resources for studying the ancient world. The library's materials include ancient texts and translations, philological tools, maps, extensively illustrated art catalogs, and secondary essays on topics like vase painting. A collaborative team from a number of academic institutions has worked together to amass Perseus materials. Over 70 museums have shared pictures of their art objects." (Tufts University, Medford, MA) (LII)
Diotima -
Subtitled: Materials for the Study of Women and Gender in the Ancient World," this page serves as an interdisciplinary resource for anyone interested in patterns of gender around the ancient Mediterranean and as a forum for collaboration among instructors who teach courses about women and gender in the ancient world. As you will see, Diotima includes course materials, the beginnings of a systematic and searchable bibliography (with an emphasis on recent work), and links to many on-line articles, book reviews, databases, and images." (Stoa Consortium) (LII)
Exploring Ancient World Cultures -
"An on-line course supplement for students and teachers of the ancient and medieval worlds; features its own essays and primary texts. Over time it will include chapter-length histories for each of the eight 'cultures' represented: The Near East, India, Egypt, China, Greece, Rome, Early Islam and Medieval Europe. Also includes a substantial index of Internet sites, divided into five sub-indices: a chronology, an essay index, an image index, an Internet site index and an electronic text index." (LII)
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World -
For their builders, the Seven Wonders were a celebration of religion, mythology, art, power, and science. For us, they reflect the ability of humans to change the surrounding landscape by building massive yet beautiful structures, one of which stood the test of time to this very day. (LII)
Ancient World Web -
This site presents annotated lists, gathered into broad categories, of Web sites that document medieval - and older - history, theory, and scholarship. With a few exceptions, coverage stops at 1000 A.D. Site features include a news Web log and an invitation to suggest additions and changes. The Ask Dr. Dig page archives questions and answers about archaeology. Searchable. (LII)
Argos - Limited Area Search of the Ancient and Medieval Internet -
A search engine covering just Web sites related to the Ancient and Medieval world. Filters out unwanted information by limiting searches to preselected Web sites deemed by a group of editors to be scholarly and topical. Associate Sites is the list of sites searched.(LII)
Collapse: Why do Civilizations Fall? -
A site that explores the decline of four ancient civilizations: the Maya, the early civilization of Mesopotamia, Chaco Canyon (the Anasazi of the Southwestern United States), and the Mali and Songhai of western Africa. The methods used by archeologists to understand why these particular civilizations collapsed are also presented. Links to related Internet resources and a bibliography of print sources are provided. (Annenberg Learner Online)  (LII)


Roman Myths and Folktales (Google Directory) -
Forum Romanum -
The authors of this Web site are trying to replicate the purpose of the ancient Roman forums which provided a central location in Roman cities, for commerce, politics, and religion. "As an online project, the Forum Romanum is an attempt to replicate this theme of centralization, providing a helpful starting point for anyone interested in the civilization of ancient Rome." (LII)
Dictionary of Mythology -
From the Forum Romanum site, this is a database of all the characters of Roman mythology. Browse from an alphabetic list, search genealogical charts, a list of names with their English meanings, and pictures of the various mythological characters.
Roman Mythology -
From the Mythography Web site, this page provides an overview of Roman mythology and links to databases of information about the Roman godesses and gods, heroines and heroes, and a bibliography about Roman mythology.
LacusCurtius: Into the Roman World -
This page provides links to a photo album of Roman sites, a Roman atlas, Latin texts, the "Geography" of Ptolemy, RomanSites Archives, a gateway to over 1400 websites on the history, art and literature of ancient Rome. (U. of Kansas)
Christian Catacombs of Rome -
A history of the Roman catacombs, discussion of their importance, notes on Christian symbols from the period, a map, bibliography, and studies of the catacombs. (Istituto Salesiano, Rome) (LII)
Roman Emperors (De Imperatoribus Romanis) -
Find biographical information on the rulers of ancient Rome. Included is a catalog with images of Roman coins that were issued with visages of the rulers and family members. There are also maps, including one for the city of Rome, topographical maps of selected portions of the ancient world, and of Europe dating from 1 A.D. through 1300 A.D. There is a battle index with a brief description and related maps. Stemmata (family trees) for many of the rulers are accessible through the Imperial Index. (LII)

Rome: From Republic to Empire -
This site includes brief information on a wide range of topics about Rome's history, culture, and civilization. Included are slavery, Roman nomenclature, government, clothing, social classes, Roman baths, gladiator games, chariot racing, and more. Images are also provided. Additionally, there are related print and Internet resources. (LII)
Resources for Roman Art and Archaeology -
Directory of links to subject indexes, texts, field projects, atlases, museums, language and regional resources, organizations, course materials, and more. Includes Roman, Etruscan, Italian, and Roman Provincial studies. (LII)
Roman Open Air Museum Hechingen-Stein -
A virtual tour of a partially reconstructed Roman villa dating from the 1st to the 3rd Century A.D. is the highlight of this site. Each of the twenty-seven stops on the tour is accompanied by a floor plan of the villa and a brief description. There are also panoramic views and a 3-D model of the site, details of the excavation, and information on the Roman occupation of Southwestern Germany, the location of this rustic villa. The Web page is available in both English and German. (LII)

Egypt & Africa

Abzu Regional Index: Egypt -
"Index of resources for the study of ancient Egypt, including the territory under the control of the modern states of Egypt and Sudan, and part of Libya." Connections to archeological sites, art, Egyptological institutions, museums and collections, papyrology, philology, texts, translations, etc."
Ancient Nubia -
An introduction to the Nubian civilization, which existed from about 3000 B.C.E. to 600 A.D. along the Nile river in what is today parts of Egypt and Sudan. This site explains Nubian culture, arts, and society in the different periods of their history with text, images, and charts. (ThinkQuest) (LII)
Ancient Egypt -
Information about Egyptian life, geography, gods and goddesses, mummification, pharaohs, pyramids, temples, time, trades, and writing. Each section includes the Story: information in a narrative form; Explore: a non-linear presentation of information; Challenge: an activity that develop skills (historical, analytical, mathematical, observational) within the context of the chosen topic; and Staff Room: helps teachers get the most out of the site. (British Museum) (LII)
Ancient Egyptian Culture -
Organized by date and dynasty, this site provides brief descriptions of events and important people for each period. The Culture and Religion exhibits provide information on topics including medicine, calendars, and hieroglyphics. The Archaeology exhibit includes a history of Egyptology, archaeological sites, daily life in Ancient Egypt, and unorothodox theories. (LII) -
Good introductory Web site on ancient Egypt, including pharaohs, clip art, pyramids, queens, King Tut, mummies, art, religion, gods, hieroglyphs, societies, and the Sphinx. Each topic has extended essays and further links. Searchable and browsable, with a mailing list for new and updated scripts, a message board, and a virtual postcard link. (LII)
Life in Ancient Egypt -
This exhibit explores life in ancient Egypt, looking at their natural world, gods and religion, and funerary customs. An understanding of their artifacts provides glimpses into their daily life. Included are a timeline and many images. From the Carnegie Museum of Natural History.(LII)

Mysteries of Egypt -
Information about Egyptian civilization, including geography, architecture, government, writing, religion, daily life (food, shelter, transportation, trades and crafts, clothing and adornment), and sciences. There is also information about the female ruler, Hatshepsut, as well as Tutankhamun, along with a QuickTime tour of his tomb. A teacher's guide, bibliography, and related sites are also provided. Suitable for students. Also available in French. (Canadian Museum of Civilization) (LII)
The Ancient Egypt Site -
This site guides you with the help of a timeline through three millennia of civilization and a veritable alphabet soup of gods and pharaohs. Includes a keyword index and a huge links page. Created by a Belgian Egyptologist. (LII)
Theban Mapping Project (TMP) -
This Web site gives an overview of Egyptian history and archaeology and tours of major monuments and tombs. Includes thousands of images, an interactive atlas of tomb mappings, dozens of narrated tours, a three-dimensional exploration of a tomb, and more. (LII)

Middle East

ABZU: Guide to the Study of the Ancient Near East -
An extensive index of resources for the ancient civilizations of the Near and Middle East, including Egypt, Sudan, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Judea, Lebanon, Cyprus, Syria, Turkey, Anatolia, Kurdistan, Assyria, Babylonia, Mesopotamia, Iraq, Iran, Persia, Armenia, the Indus Valley, the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, the Gulf States, and the Red Sea. (Oriental Institute, University of Chicago) (LII)
Abzu Regional Index: Mesopotamia -
From the above site, this is an "[i]ndex of resources for the study of ancient Mesopotamia, including the territory under the control of the modern state of Iraq and parts of Iran, Syria, and Turkey." Connections to archeological sites, art, museums and collections, philology, texts, translations, etc."
Hittite Home Page -
Resources for the study of Hittite history and culture. Includes a chronological list of the Hittite kings, a bibliography of scholarship (1985-1995), entries to update the Catalog of Hittite Texts (CTH), a directory of scholars studying the history of Anatolia, and links to related sites. Although resources included on the site are geared for an academic audience, several of the links lead to more general information on the history and culture of the Hittites. (LII)
Oriental Institute Museum -
With the some of museum's galleries closed for renovation for several years, this is a great opportunity to take a virtual tour of the galleries on history, art, and archaeology of the ancient Middle East. The site also includes a selection of highlights from the collection, organized by region and by subject, and exhibitions and catalogs of their photograph archives, with selected images available from archaeological and survey expeditions from 1892 to the present. (University of Chicago) (LII)

The Americas

Worldviews: Maya Ceramics from the Palmer Collection -
Virtual exhibit of the Palmer Collection from the Hudson Museum at the University of Maine. Includes a clickable display of over forty pre-Columbian objects collected by William P. Palmer III during the 1960s and early 1970s. It also has a map of where the items were found and discussions related to Maya civilization, writing and symbolism, and iconographer and epigrapher observations regarding the Maya beliefs about the underworld, the cosmos, the natural world, and palace life. (LII)
Yaxuná Archeology Project -
An archeological project of an ancient Mayan city located in the heart of the Yucatan. Papers, articles, and reports are available. Various aspects of the site can be viewed and one can watch video of the project. Various maps both of the ancient Yucatan and the modern one are included. (LII)
Ancient Architects of the Mississippi -
This site explores the ancient civilization known as "moundbuilders" of the southern Mississippi delta. It provides information about life along the river and other aspects of these peoples. (U.S. National Park Service) (LII)

Ancient Mesoamerican Civilizations -
Subtitled: Maya, Mixtec, Zapotec, and Aztec, this site includes information about these ancient civilizations' writing systems, governments, and religions. There is also information about the Mayan calendar, Maya and Zapotec political organization, definitions, and related links.(LII)

Andes Expedition: Searching for Inca Secrets -
Two aspects of a 1995 exploration up Mount Ampato, Peru: the expedition and a Virtual Autopsy. The expedition is a detailed account of anthropologists ascending the mountain, descending into its volcanic crater, and finding the mummy of a teenaged girl, sacrificed 500 years ago. The autopsy describes how the mummy was analyzed. An example of an Inca tomb and its artifacts is also included. There are also Web links and a bibliography. (National Geographic) (LII)
Archeology of Teotihuacan, Mexico -
An exploration of this historic site in Mexico. Included are a description, chronology, maps, and photographs. There is extensive information about the Feathered Serpent Pyramid (Templo de Quetzalcoatl) and the Templo Mayor. Some information from the Centro de Estudios Teotihuacanos is available only in Spanish. Brief videos requiring QuickTime are also provided. (University of Arizona) (LII)
Sipapu: Chetro Ketl Great Kiva Model -
A graphical tour through one of the great religious structures excavated at Chaco Canyon, which was one of the major centers of Anasazi civilization. Several option are provided for viewing the site some of which require QuickTime. (John Kartner, Georgia State University)(LII)
Mesoweb: An Exploration of Mesoamerican Cultures -
This site is "devoted to ancient Mesoamerica and its cultures: the Olmec, Maya, Aztec, Teotihuacano, Toltec, Mixtec, Zapotec and others" and presents information about an archeological dig and restoration project at Palenque in Chiapas, Mexico. Photos, map, animations, videos (requiring QuickTime), rubbings of Maya sculptures, and an illustrated encyclopedia are available as well as the text of the first Palenque roundtable, a conference on art, iconography, and dynastic history of Palenque. There are related links. (Pre-Columbian Art Research Institute and Mexico's Instituto Nacional de Antropologia y Historia) (LII)
Mexico: Splendors of Thirty Centuries -
This exhibit explores the history of Mexican art, beginning in 1500 BC. It looks at pre-Columbian archaeological sites including those of the Olmecs and Mayas, Chichén Itzá, Monte Alban, Teotihuacán, and Tenochtitlán. It continues with the art of religious structures, secular institutions, and landscapes. It then brings the viewer up to the 20th century and includes images of the works of Diego Rivera, Siqueiros, Orozco, Frida Kahlo, and others. Each image is accompanied by a brief description. Also included are an art game, a timeline, other activities, related readings, and links. (LII)
The Sport of Life and Death: The Mesoamerican Ballgame -
Explore the Mesoamerican world and the history of this ancient ball game from over 3000 years ago. Learn about the culture, artwork, game in nine cultures including the Olmec, Maya, Toltec, and Aztec. There is a timeline displaying what was simultaneously occurring around the world. There is also information about the game, uniform, court, and ball as well as an opportunity to experience the game either by watching or playing. (LII)
Ancient Maya Civilization Learning Resources -
Portal which provides links to websites and other resources about the ancient Maya.

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