numbers: 305.8; 325; 973.04; 929.1]
(Yahoo!) - http://dir.yahoo.com/Arts/Humanities/History/U_S__History/By_Subject/Immigration/
Yahoo's links to Web sites about American immigration.
The Perpetual Controversy - http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/flashbks/immigr/immigint.htm
A major article from Atlantic Unbound, the online version of The
Atlantic Monthly magazine, which reviews past debates on immigration
through U.S. history. Many references and links to earlier articles going
back to 1896 are included.
of Entry: Immigration - http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/features/port/start.html
"Welcome! On this journey, you will assume the role of historical detective
and search for clues to America's past in American Memory, the historical
collections of the Library of Congress. You will investigate photographs
and eyewitness accounts of immigrant life in America."
the People - http://www.i-channel.com/wethepeople/
Another project from the International Channel, this website "is an inspirational
national event designed to honor citizenship and the contributions of immigrants
to the United States." It includes links to: the program schedule and descriptions
for International Channel's original series In America that traces the
history of immigration to the United States and explores the immigration
experience; a place to tell your immigration story and search and read
other's immigration stories; Vision In America Award Recipients; citizenship
resources; featured documentaries; and, the We the People video clip.
Matloff's Immigration Forum - http://heather.cs.ucdavis.edu/pub/Immigration/Index.html
A large collection of informational articles related to American immigration.
Just click on a link, and the article will be displayed.
North America: Population Movements & Migration - http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/migrations/
A historical overview of migration to and within Canada, the United States,
Mexico and the Caribbean from Europe, Asia and Africa. The "demographic,
economic, cultural, and political nature of major movements" are examined.
The glossary (under Sources) has very detailed definitions. (Applied History
Research Group, University of Calgary) (LII)
the Lower East Side: Observations of Life in Lower Manhattan at the Turn
of the Century - http://tenant.net/Community/LES/contents.html
A "collection of articles, documentary sources, and study guides...compiled
to accompany the course, An Urban Experience: New York City's Lower East
Side, 1880-1920." (LII)
and Ethnic America - http://immigrants.harpweek.com/
"This website will make it possible to take a detailed look at the various
immigrant and ethnic groups that were a vital part of American culture
during the second half of the 19th century." The first feature is "The
Chinese American Experience 1857-1892." Articles and pictures from Harper's
Weekly the premier newsmagazine of the nineteenth an early twentieth centuries.
Museum - http://www.thirteen.org/tenement/
New York's Lower East Side Tenement Museum is the first in the United States
to preserve a tenement building. Between the years 1870 and 1915, 97 Orchard
Street was home to over ten thousand people, mostly new immigrants. The
site includes a history of the building, dioramas of individual rooms,
photographs by Arnold Eagle, and the opportunity to peel away thirteen
layers of wallpaper from just one wall. Public television station WNET
has done a masterful job of creating a Web tour of this stunning re-creation
of tenement life. (LII)
U.S. Immigration History - http://www.fairus.org/history.htm
A knowledge of how immigration has worked in our country in the recent
past helps put present immigration into perspective. The selections on
this site will call up overviews of recent immigration policy. (FAIR, the
Federation for American Immigration Reform)
of Immigration and Naturalization Services - http://www.immigration.gov/graphics/index.htm
This is the web site of the U.S. government's office which handles immigration
and citizenship issues. See also Immigration
Statisitcs at this same web site.
of Population, Refugees, and Migration - http://www.state.gov/g/prm/
This State Dept. bureau advises the Secretary of State on the formulation
of U.S. policies on population, refugees, and migration and administers
U.S. refugee assistance and refugee admissions programs. Resources include:
Issues In the News, Key Policy Documents, Press Statements; Remarks, Testimony,
and Briefings; Fact Sheets and Other Information.
Immigration Resources on the Internet - http://www.wave.net/upg/immigration/resource.html
Links to resources related to immigration to the U.S. Focuses mainly on
for Immigration Studies - http://www.cis.org/
CIS "is a non-profit, non-partisan research institute which examines
and critiques the impact of immigration on the United States." The site
publishes news, articles, reports, and publications on immigration issues,
and lists a variety of immigration topics which reflect concerns of the
U.S. government, such as terrorism and national security. (LII)
FAQ Central - http://www.murthy.com/faqs.html
The law office of immigration attorney Sheila Murthy has developed this
page of links to information on immigration legal requirements and issues.
Information Source - http://www.migrationinformation.org/
This site offers "fresh thought, authoritative data, and global analysis
of international migration and refugee trends" and chronicles global migration
movements. Global Data contains charts and tables for several countries
dating back to 1990 and Country Profiles contains articles on various countries'
immigration and emigration policies, experience, patterns, and forecasts.
There are also U.S. Historical Trends, related links, and a glossary. (LII)
INS - http://trac.syr.edu/tracins/
This site provides easily accessible statistics and data on the responsibilities;
history, trends, patterns, policies, practices, and the size increase in
the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and examines its criminal
enforcement activities. These facts, which "differ substantially from those
of other federal agencies," are highlighted by graphical illustrations,
essays, and other searchable data from the 90 federal U.S. judicial districts.
(Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, Syracuse University) (LII)
Island National Monument - http://www.nps.gov/elis/
This is the official Web site of the historic site where many of the immigrants
to the U.S. from Europe arrived in the country. "Between 1892 and 1954,
approximately 12 million steerage and third class steamship passengers
who entered the United States through the port of New York were legally
and medically inspected at Ellis Island. Reopened on
September 10, 1990 after a massive restoration, the Main Building on Ellis
Island is now a museum dedicated to the history of immigration and the
important role this island claimed during the mass migration of humanity
in the late 19th and early 20th centuries."
of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation, Inc. - http://www.ellisisland.org/
From this site you can search records of people who came through Ellis
Island. There is also an online exhibit demonstrating a typical immigrant
experience, and, by setting up an account, you can
start and maintain a family
scrapbook at the site.
Island: Through America's Gateway - http://www.internationalchannel.com/education/ellis/
"Millions of Americans have made the United States the most multicultural
nation in the world. From the time Ellis Island opened in upper New York
Harbor near the Statue of Liberty in 1892 to the time it closed in 1954,
it served as the portal for the vast majority of new immigrants. International
Channel Ś in cooperation with the Ellis Island Immigration Museum, The
Statue of Liberty - Ellis Island Foundation and the National Park Service
Ś invite you take a tour through the following pages for a glimpse of Ellis
Island, past and present." Links are provided to: a historical overview;
the journey of immigrants; Ellis Island then; Ellis Island now; an oral
history project; and, the Ellis Island cookbook.
Island Immigration Museum - http://www.ellisisland.com/
This is the Web site of the company which provides visitor services to
Ellis Island. Links are provided to online history, genealogy, vendor and
visitor services at the Monument site.
Coming to America - http://teacher.scholastic.com/immigrat/index.htm
This Web site includes an interactive tour of Ellis Island; links to two
"Journeys to America"--1920s and 1990s; and an orla history scrapbook.
Golden Door: Immigration Images From the Keystone-Mast Collection -
A collection of nearly 70 photographs concerning turn of the 20th century
immigration to the United States. Topics include Ellis Island, immigrant
life and labor, and World's Fair "foreign villages" (mostly taken in St.
Louis, Mo.). (California Museum of Photography, University of California,
York, NY, Ellis Island -- Immigration: 1900-1920 - http://cmp1.ucr.edu/exhibitions/immigration_id.html
Over 20 stereoscopic photographs from the early 20th century documenting
immigration "through the most famous point of entry, Ellis Island." Originally
issued by the Keystone View Company, Underwood and Underwood, the H.C.
White Company, and other publishers. (California Museum of Photography,
University of California, Riverside) (LII)
City/ La Ciudad - http://www.pbs.org/itvs/thecity/
"Presents four vignettes depicting the struggles of Latin American immigrants
in New York City." Explores issues of education, workers' rights, women
and immigration (including an essay on transnational motherhood), and cultural
stereotypes and myths surrounding immigrants and immigration. Includes
a timeline, a list of related facts, and glossaries of terms related to
immigration and bilingual education. Online companion to PBS documentary,
also features an interview with filmmaker David Riker. Available in English
and Spanish. (LII)
Inmigrantes/Immigrant Workers - http://www.clas.berkeley.edu:7001/Gallery/dbacon/
An exhibit of over 30 photographs of Latino immigrant workers on strike
in the United States, taken by David Bacon. Includes commentary from Bacon,
and background information on the photographer. (Center for Latin American
Studies, University of California, Berkeley) (LII)
American National Museum - http://www.janm.org/
The Japanese American National Museum is located in Los Angeles, Calif.
Its Web site has many links to the contributions of the Japanese and Japanese
Americans to the U.S.
del Servicio de Inmigracion - http://www.wave.net/upg/immigration/spanish.html
En español, information about immigration processes.
of the City of San Francisco - http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist1/index0.html
Lots of articles and information about the history of San Francisco. Scroll
down the page to a large section of links to Chinese Immigration. Includes
some pictures and illustrations. Lists oldest years covered first (1849-1995).
First Chinese in Hawaii - http://www.extreme-hawaii.com/pp/
Newspaper article about the first Chinese to immigrate to Hawaii; and The
Chinese, another newspaper article
about the first Chinese to immigrate to Hawaii.
Files for Early Immigrants to San Francisco and Hawaii - http://groups.haas.berkeley.edu/iber/casefiles/chinese_immigrants_introduction_page_1.cfm
This database covers investigations of people who tried to immigrate to
America through San Francisco or Honolulu during the period of the Chinese
Exclusion Act, 1882-1943. Searches yield case numbers that correspond with
documents at National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) archives
in San Bruno, California. Search by first or last name, birth place, ship,
port, or case number, or browse by last name. A joint project of NARA and
the University of California, Berkeley. (LII)
and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in California -
This lesson plan uses two Sacramento River towns for studying the Asian
immigrant experience. Materials include maps, readings, images, activities,
and links. (U.S. National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places) (LII)
Chinese in California, 1850-1925 - http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/cubhtml/cichome.html
A collection of about 8,000 images and pages of primary source materials
illustrating "nineteenth and early twentieth century Chinese immigration
to California." Includes original illustrations, cartoons, letters, diary
excerpts, speeches, sheet music, and other images and printed matter. Search
or browse the material by subject, name, title, group, or theme. From the
American Memory Project of the Library of Congress. (LII)
of Freedom: South Asian Pioneers in California, 1899-1965 - http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/SSEAL/echoes.html
An illustrated history of early East Indian immigrants to California (primarily
Sikhs from Punjab), featuring photographs, documents, and publications.
Explores the passage to America, work, prejudice, the Gadar Party, the
Stockton Sikh Temple, students, the exclusion of women, the Thind Decision
(1923), the Luce-Cellar Act (1946), Congressman Dalip Singh Saund, and
the Immigration and Nationality Act (1965). (South/Southeast Asia Library,
University of California, Berkeley) (LII)
More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution -
"This exhibit explores this period when racial prejudice and fear upset
the delicate balance between the rights of the citizen and the power of
the state." It discusses Japanese
immigration to the United States, the relocation
of Japanese Americans to camps during World War II, their loyalty and military
service, and their post-war struggle for justice. (National Museum of American
History, Smithsonian Institution) (LII)
in USA: Angel Island Shhh: An Installation by Flo Oy Wong - http://www.kearnystreet.org/AngelIsland/
An online companion to a "rice-sack flag [art] installation that explores
the identity secrets of Chinese immigrants detained and interrogated in
the United States." The art piece was exhibited at Angel Island, an immigration
station in the San Francisco Bay Area. Site includes a gallery of the flags,
which capture the stories of Angel Island detainees, as well as a biography
of the artist. (LII)
Lives, Broken Dreams - http://www.asianamericanmedia.org/separatelivesbrokendreams/
A site about the Chinese Exclusion Act, which until its repeal in 1943
"barred all Chinese from U.S. citizenship by naturalization." View immigration
documents and photographs, Chinese exclusion literature such as speeches
and satirical cartoons, a glossary of terms, government documents, information
on researching family records, a bibliography, and related links. Each
section includes commentary from scholars and historians. From the National
Asian American Telecommunications Association. (LII)
Nation: The Landscape of Asian America - http://www.asian-nation.org/
Information about culture, religions, history, demographics, immigration,
assimilation, and issues in the diverse Asian American community. The author,
a Vietnamese American sociologist, also provides discussion boards, many
links, and a section with history and photographs of Viet Nam. Searchable.
American: The Chinese Experience - http://www.pbs.org/becomingamerican/
This site about the Chinese American experience explores the "struggle
and triumph, progress and setbacks, discrimination and assimilation" associated
with the immigration of Chinese to the United States. The site provides
biographical portraits, eyewitness accounts, a timeline, a Chinese American
history quiz, a viewer's guide, and links to related resources. A companion
to a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) documentary hosted by Bill Moyers.
Migration - http://www.americanwest.com/swedemigr/pages/emigra.htm
Mostly about people of Sweden, but has excellent links to another groups'
emigration to America. The history of Swedish emigration to America goes
further back in time than that of the United States. Swedes started to
come in 1638, just eighteen years after the landing of the "Mayflower."
Life in the American West: Generation to Generation - http://www.autry-museum.org/explore/exhibits/jewish_life/
This exhibit "explores the history and adventure of Jews in the American
West from early exploration along the Santa Fe Trail in the 1820s through
decades of immigration and settlement in Western cities and towns." In
addition to the online exhibit, this site includes a dreidel game, brief
biographies of prominent western Jews, classroom activities, and other
educational resources. (Autry Museum of Western Heritage) (LII)
on the Prairie: Jewish Women in the Upper Midwest - http://jewishwomenexhibit.org/
Immigrant Jewish women, traditionally the family historians, chronicle
their poignant memories of family stories through manuscripts, letters,
and pictorial and oral history. The site explores their "roles in transporting
their culture from the Old World to the Upper Midwest; learning to adjust
to new geography and new neighbors, establishing Jewish homes; finding
ways to augment the family income, maintaining the synagogue and founding
social welfare institutions." Descriptive interspersed Hebrew words illustrate
their unique traditions and history, among them kosher (fit to eat), treyf
(not fit to eat), tzedakah (righteous acts), tallit (prayer shawl), and
much more. (LII)
Explores the Ocean - http://ceo.ucsd.edu/photographs/sdhs/oral/
A searchable collection of over 50 transcribed interviews with "fishermen,
cannery workers, fishing boat owners and captains, fishmongers, and others
involved in commercial fishing, sport fishing, and boat building. Many
belonged to immigrant Italian and Portuguese families that settled in San
Diego from around 1910 to 1930." More than half of the interviews feature
audio. (San Diego Historical Society and the University of California,
San Diego) (LII)
Mining, Mine Fires, and the Molly Maguires - http://www.columbiapa.org/county/historical/molly_maguires.html
A fascinating directory of sites detailing the history of the secret society
of immigrant Irish coal miners in the anthracite region of Pennsylvania.
With links to books, articles, lyrics, photos, the trials, descendants,
and the archives of the Pinkerton detective agency. (LII)
Highland Clearances - http://www.theclearances.org/
This web project tells the stories of the thousands of Scots evicted from
their land who came to Canada and the U.S. in the 1800s. In addition to
historical articles, there is a searchable database of individuals and
the ships they traveled on. (LII)
Heritage Museum - http://www.nordicmuseum.com/
Seattle's "Nordic Heritage Museum is the only museum in the United States
to honor the legacy of immigrants from the five Nordic countries: Denmark,
Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden." This site highlights the museumĺs
permanent collections and also offers information on current gallery shows,
children's events, an oral history project, the museum's Gordon Tracie
Music Library, and museum-sponsored language and craft schools. (LII)
OTHER OR MIXED
of Agricultural Laborers in California, ca. 1906-1911 - http://findaid.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf200007qw
Ethnic groups in this collection include Japanese farm laborers; urban
Chinese; and Mexican, Italian, and East Indian workers and communities.
The rural and urban locations include Fresno, Gilroy, Los Angeles, Merced,
Palo Alto, Ryde, San Francisco, the San Joaquin River area, San Jose, the
Stockton area, Visalia, and Woodland. Searchable and browsable. (Online
Archive of California, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley).
Tutorial - http://www.umanitoba.ca/anthropology/tutor/kinmenu.html
Learn online how to chart family kinship (relationships).
The Web's premier site for genealogical exploration. "We're here to give
you the tools and resources you need to discover your family story. Rummage
around in our attic and see what you can find! New to all this? Here are
three easy steps to getting started: 1.Use our Family Finder search wizard,
on the left side of every page, to locate ancestors quickly and easily.
2.Visit the Learning Center for tricks of the trade. 3.Start building your
free family tree using our Family Explorer."
UK & Ireland Genealogy - http://www.genuki.org.uk/
Genealogy Web site dedicated to England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the
Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man. This searchable "virtual reference
library" contains links to county and country censuses; church, emigration
and immigration, and vital records; cemetery directories; criminal registers;
national libraries and archives; museums; heraldry; chronology lists; calendars
and date calculators; directories of genealogical societies and family
history centers; and more. Created and maintained by volunteer contributors
in cooperation with the Federation of Family History Societies in Britain.
Guide To Tracing Family Trees - http://rwguide.rootsweb.com/
One of the best sites for beginners to genealogy and family history to
learn the basics of research. There are guides on sources, record types,
using technology, immigration, country and ethnic groups, and much more.
Links to appropriate Web sites are included. (LII)
Return to the Redwood
Social Studies Page.
Links checked and updated by the Webspinner:
October 1, 2003.
©2003 Tom kaun, Library Media Teacher--Bessie Chin
Library @ Redwood High School, 395 Doherty Drive, Larkspur, CA 94939 --